*This study is now closed 

This study aims to understand the express muscle responses seen in proximal muscles within 80ms of visual stimulus presentation during visually guided reaching.

These muscle responses act in a way to take you “towards” the target, even if the instruction is to move “away” from it, which means that it is invariably tuned towards the target regardless of the instruction.

In this study, researchers intend use brain stimulation techniques transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) to understand the likely role of cortical and subcortical regions in generating express muscle responses.


  • Must NOT have any history of neurological or heart disorders
  • Must NOT have any metal implants in the scalp.

Participant Benefits 

  • $100 for 2 sessions

Register your interest 

*This study is now closed 

This study has been approved by The University of Queensland Human Research Ethics Committee [Approval No. 2015000851​]